IMR Press / FBE / Volume 8 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/E761

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Prolonged cyclic strain inhibits human endothelial cell growth

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1 Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO, USA

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Xiao-Feng Yang

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2016, 8(1), 205–212; https://doi.org/10.2741/E761
Published: 1 January 2016
Abstract

The vascular endothelium is continuously exposed to cyclic mechanical strain due to the periodic change in vessel diameter as a result of pulsatile blood flow. Since emerging evidence indicates the cyclic strain plays an integral role in regulating endothelial cell function, the present study determined whether application of a physiologic regimen of cyclic strain (6% at 1 hertz) influences the proliferation of human arterial endothelial cells. Prolonged exposure of human dermal microvascular or human aortic endothelial cells to cyclic strain for up to 7 days resulted in a marked decrease in cell growth. The strain-mediated anti-proliferative effect was associated with the arrest of endothelial cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, did not involve cell detachment or cytotoxicity, and was due to the induction of p21. Interestingly, the inhibition in endothelial cell growth was independent of the strain regimen since prolonged application of constant or intermittent 6% strain was also able to block endothelial cell proliferation. The ability of chronic physiologic cyclic strain to inhibit endothelial cell growth represents a previously unrecognized mechanism by which hemodynamic forces maintain these cells in a quiescent, non-proliferative state.

Keywords
Cyclic Strain
Endothelial Cells
Proliferation
Review
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