Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
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Academic Editors: Qingyu Wu, Toni Antalis
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha) interacts with PDGFs A, B, C and AB, while PDGFRbeta binds to PDGFs B and D, thus suggesting that PDGFRalpha is more promiscuous than PDGFRbeta. The structural analysis of PDGFRalpha-PDGFA and PDGFRalpha-PDGFB complexes, and a molecular explanation for the promiscuity of PDGFRalpha and the specificity of PDGFRbeta remain unclear. In the present study, we modeled the three extracellular domains of PDGFRalpha using a previous crystallographic structure of PDGFRbeta as a template. Additionally, we analyzed the interacting residues of PDGFRalpha-PDGFA and PDGFRalpha-PDGFB complexes using docking simulations. The validation of the resulting complexes was evaluated by molecular dynamics simulations. Our results show that that changes of non-aromatic amino acids in PDGFRalpha to aromatic amino acids in PDGFRbeta (I139F, P267F and N204Y) may be involved in the promiscuity of PDGFRalpha. These results may be used as an input for a better peptide design targeting diseases related with the malfunction of PDGF system such as cancer and atherosclerosis.