IMR Press / FBE / Volume 5 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/E682

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and neurogenesis in endometriosis

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1 Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Neonatology, Queen Elizabeth II Research Institute for Mothers and Infants, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
2 Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Distrito Federal 03940, Mexico

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Khaleque Newaz Khan

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2013, 5(3), 1033–1056; https://doi.org/10.2741/E682
Published: 1 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in endometriosis)
Abstract

Endometriosis is a common, benign gynecological disease affecting 10 – 15% of reproductively aged women. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial-like tissue at sites outside the uterus. The most widely accepted theory of endometriosis pathogenesis proposes that shed menstrual endometrium can reach the peritoneum, implant and grow as endometriotic lesions. Angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and neurogenesis are implicated in successful ectopic establishment and the generation of endometriosis-associated symptoms. This review considers these processes as they occur in the eutopic endometrium and ectopic endometriotic lesions of women with endometriosis. Their regulation is interconnected and complex. Dysregulation in endometriosis occurs on a background of accumulating evidence that endometriosis is an endometrial disease with underlying genetic influences and cross talk with endometriotic lesions. Understanding the roles of angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and neurogenesis in endometriosis pathophysiology is essential for the development of novel therapeutic approaches.

Keywords
Angiogenesis
Lymphangiogenesis
Neurogenesis
Endometriosis
Pathogenesis
Endometrium
Endometriotic lesion
Review
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