IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.2741/E585

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.


Bladder cancer documentation of causes: multilingual questionnaire ‘bladder cancer doc’

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1 Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Ardeystrasse 67, 44139 Dortmund, Germany
2 Department of Physiological Sciences, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Centro Biomedico, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Prof. Manoel de Abreu 444, 5 degrees andar, Vila Isabel, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20550-170, Brazil
3 Neckarstrasse 68, 45219 Essen, Germany
4 Pharmacology Department, Luis Razetti Medical School, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela
5 Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
6 Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology, 06100, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey
7 Cranachstrasse 73, 45147 Essen, Germany
8 Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhom Pathom 73170, Thailand
9 Department of Urology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 7, 8036 Graz, Austria
10 Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, International University of Kyrgyzstan, 88/1 Turusbekov st. 720001, Bishkek city, Kyrgyzstan
11 HELIOS Klinikum Bad Saarow, Pieskower Strasse 33, 15526 Bad Saarow, Germany
12 Department of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35033 Marburg, Germany
13 Helena Gerilovica, Latvia
14 Kliniken Neuss - Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH, Department of Urology, Preussenstrasse 84, 41464 Neuss, Germany
15 Kuhlkamp 72, 44319 Dortmund, Germany
16 Department of General Practice, K.U.Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33 blok J, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
17 Hinter den Wiesen 25, 55127 Mainz, Germany
18 Department of Urology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Hospital, PO Box 19063, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
19 Dept. of Urology, MarienHospital, Hervester Strasse 57, 45768 Marl, Germany
20 Department of Urology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 663-8501 Nishinomiya, Japan
21 Urology Department, CHUV University Hospital, Rue du Bugnon, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
22 Chemon Pharmaceutical Research Institute, 334, Jeil-Ri, Yangji-Myeon, Cheoin-Gu, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do, 449-826, Korea
23 Environmental Health Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur440020, India
24 Irina Martinova, Latvia
25 Dept. of Urology, Sanjay Gandhi PGI, Lucknow-226014, India
26 Regional Occupational Health Office Centre(s), Poojanahalli Road, Kannamangala Post, Bangalore 562 110, India
27 Semmelweis University, Dept. of Urology, H-1082 Budapest, Ulloi ut 78/b, Hungary
28 Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata - 700 108, India
29 Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Engineering, Bogor Agricultural University, Dramaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680
30 Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 8 Sw. Teresy, Str., 91-348 Lodz, Poland
31 Institute of Occupational Medicine, Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Thielallee 69-73, 14195 Berlin, Germany
32 Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
33 DuPont de Nemours Deutschland GmbH, Hugenottenallee 173-175, 63263 Neu-Isenburg, Germany
34 Department of Occupational Hygiene, Kazakh National Medical University S.D. Asfendyarov, Almaty, Kazakhstan
35 Institute for Work and Health, Rue du Bugnon 21, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
36 Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Kornish El-Nile, Embaba POB 30-Giza, Cairo, Egypt

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(8), 2709–2722;
Published: 1 June 2012

There is a considerable discrepancy between the number of identified occupational-related bladder cancer cases and the estimated numbers particularly in emerging nations or less developed countries where suitable approaches are less or even not known. Thus, within a project of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health, a questionnaire of the Dortmund group, applied in different studies, was translated into more than 30 languages (Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Korean, Latvian, Malay, Persian (Farsi), Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese/Brazilian, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Spanish, Spanish/Mexican, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese). The bipartite questionnaire asks for relevant medical information in the physician’s part and for the occupational history since leaving school in the patient’s part. Furthermore, this questionnaire is asking for intensity and frequency of certain occupational and nonoccupational risk factors. The literature regarding occupations like painter, hairdresser or miner and exposures like carcinogenic aromatic amines, azo dyes, or combustion products is highlighted. The questionnaire is available on

Occupational bladder cancer
Downloadable questionnaire
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