IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.2741/E581

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

The opposing roles of anti-angiogenic factors in cancer and preeclampsia

Show Less
1 Department of Human Physiology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR
2 Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth, MN

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Li-Mei Chen

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(8), 2652–2669; https://doi.org/10.2741/E581
Published: 1 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of tobacco smoking on preeclampsia and cancer)
Abstract

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy such as preeclampsia present an increasing source of concern during gestation and accumulating evidence suggests there are long-term effects on the subsequent health of the mother and child. While formerly preeclamptic women have increased risk for later cardiovascular disease, they appear to have decreased risk of some cancers. Recent investigations have revealed exciting insights into potential mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and some of these findings may bear relevance to the attenuated cancer risk reported in the literature. Placental ischemia, regarded as a primary initiating factor in preeclampsia, results in elevated levels of factors such as soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin/CD105 (sEng) that generate profound effects on the vascular endothelium and cardiovascular function, Further, these factors may also influence development of susceptible organs such as the mammary. Moreover, recent evidence suggests these molecules may be regulated by factors derived from cigarette smoke. Taken together, elucidating mechanisms linking placental ischemia, endothelial function and subsequent cancer risk is an important step towards identifying novel therapies for cancer.

Keywords
Pregnancy
Cardiovascular
Placenta
Cancer
Endothelial cells
Blood pressure
Preeclampsia
VEGF
Review
Share
Back to top