Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Use of BMPs and bisphosphonates to improve bone fracture healing
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In orthopaedics, focus is often placed on increasing bone formation by an anabolic drug like the recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP). However, premature or excessive bone resorption, due to stress-shielding, instability or infection/inflammation can lead to poor, delayed, or absent bone union. Anti-catabolic drugs such as bisphosphonates have therefore been explored to improve bone repair. This short review discusses the current literature underlying the anaboliccatabolic paradigm for bone repair with a focus on BMP and bisphosphonate combination approaches.