IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.2741/E555

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Defining the pathogenesis of inflammatory and immune diseases through database mining

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1 Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19140

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Xiao-Feng Yang

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(7), 2433–2441; https://doi.org/10.2741/E555
Published: 1 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Homeostasis and therapeutical potential of CD4)
Abstract

Recent research in human and animal genomes, transcriptomes, proteomes, and antigen-omes has generated a large library of data and has led to the establishment of many experimental data-based searchable databases. Scientists now face new, unprecedented challenges to develop more systemic methods to analyze experimental data and generate new hypotheses. This review will briefly summarize our pioneering efforts in using new database mining methods to answer important questions in inflammatory and immune-related diseases. The new principles and basic methodologies of database mining developed in Dr. Yang’s laboratory will be delineated in the following studies: 1) a stimulation-responsive alternative splicing model for generating untolerized autoantigen epitopes; 2) a three-tier model for caspase-1 activation and inflammation privileges of various organs; and 3) a group of anti-inflammatory microRNAs which inhibit proatherogenic gene expression during atherogenesis. With technological advances, database mining has provided important insight into new directions for experimental research.

Keywords
Database mining
Inflammation
Immune disease
Antigen splicing
Inflammasome
microRNAs
Review
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