IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.2741/E553

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

C-reactive protein and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children

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1 Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital, Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Michelle Miller

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(7), 2410–2422; https://doi.org/10.2741/E553
Published: 1 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep, inflammation, oxidation and cardiovascular disease)
Abstract

Obesity has emerged as one of the most important epidemics in the Western hemisphere, and as its prevalence continues to increase in children, the associated risk for cardiovascular and metabolic complications follows parallel increases in prevalence, and reflects activation of underlying inflammatory pathways. The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a frequent condition in children associated with intermittent upper airway obstruction during sleep, its prevalence is markedly increased in the presence of obesity, and is associated with activation of similar inflammatory mechanisms as those activated by obesity, suggesting that the 2 disorders may reciprocally contribute to their adverse consequences. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a prototypic marker of inflammation that has repeatedly shown promise as a potentially reliable biomarker of cardiovascular morbidity. In addition, under certain circumstances CRP may enhance inflammation, oxidative stress, and pro-coagulant activity and thus promote atherogenesis. In this paper, we will critically review the available evidence linking OSAS to systemic inflammation in children using CRP levels as the reporter biomarker.

Keywords
Sleep apnea
Obstructive
Obesity
Inflammation
Pediatrics
C-reactive protein
Review
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