IMR Press / FBE / Volume 3 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/E261

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
A new bone surgical laser technique: technical aspects and applications in dentistry
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1 University of Genova, Italy
2 University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy, Department of Pathology, Hospital S Gerardo, Monza, Italy
3 Porto Ercole(Gr), Italy
4 University of Pisa, Italy
5 University of Genoa, Italy

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed,

Academic Editor: Manuel Verdugo

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2011, 3(2), 463–468; https://doi.org/10.2741/E261
Published: 1 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Initiation of DNA replication)
Abstract

Ten patients requiring the extraction of a severely-deteriorated molar or premolar before placement of a dental implant for prosthodontic rehabilitation were selected (6 women; 4 men). The sockets were curetted and decontaminated with an 810 nm wavelength diode laser using a 400 micron fiber at close distance (1 mm) from the target area, power setting 2.5 W, pulsed mode (10 msec t-on, 10 msec t-off for five seconds, three repetitions for each bone wall, 30 seconds pause between each irradiation). The socket filled with β-TCP plus Tissucol and primary closure was attempted. In addition all patients were treated with a 810 nm GaAlAs laser, in continuous wave mode, defocused hand-piece, 50 J\cm2 ( 1W for 50 seconds) after surgery and on days 3, 5, 7 postoperatively. At 18 months after prosthodontic treatment and loading, the implant was stable. Laser therapy, combined with a graft of biomaterial composed of β-TCP and tissucol, prevented alveolar crest resorption following tooth extraction. Formation of new bone of acceptable quality and quantity permitted placement of osseointegrated dental implants.

Keywords
Socket preservation
β-TCP
Tissucol
Diode Laser Decontamination
Diode Laser Biomodulation
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