IMR Press / FBE / Volume 2 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/E148

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
The evolution of thermal physiology in endotherms
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1 Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
2 Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
3 Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
4 Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Academic Editor:Clark Blatteis
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2010, 2(3), 861–881; https://doi.org/10.2741/E148
Published: 1 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in thermoregulation research)
Abstract

Biologists usually refer to mammals and birds as homeotherms, but these animals universally experience regional and temporal variations in body temperature. These variations could represent adaptive strategies of heterothermy, which in turn would favor genotypes that function over a wide range of temperatures. This coadaptation of thermoregulation and thermosensitivity has been studied extensively among ectotherms, but remains unexplored among endotherms. In this review, we apply classical models of thermal adaptation to predict variation in body temperature within and among populations of mammals and birds. We then relate these predictions to observations generated by comparative and experimental studies. In general, optimality models can explain the qualitative effects of abiotic and biotic factors on thermoregulation. Similar insights should emerge when using models to predict variation in the thermosensitivity of endotherms, but the dearth of empirical data on this subject precludes a rigorous analysis at this time. Future research should focus on the selective pressures imposed by regional and temporal heterothermy in endotherms.

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