IMR Press / FBE / Volume 2 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/E144

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Expression profile reveals novel prognostic biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma
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1 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Genetics, School of Life Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China
2 Shanghai BioStar Genechip Inc., Shanghai, PR China
3 Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, PR China
4 Department of Radiation Therapy, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, PR China
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2010, 2(3), 829–840; https://doi.org/10.2741/E144
Published: 1 June 2010
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify and validate novel prognostic biomarkers in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We analyzed gene expression profiles not only between 33 HCCs and their corresponding noncancerous liver tissues, but also between 25 HCCs and pooled normal liver tissues using cDNA microarrays containing 12800 genes. Functional analysis of differentially expressed genes involved in HCC carcinogenesis and tumor progression revealed that up-regulated and down-regulated genes are mainly associated with cell cycle and immune response, respectively. We detected two regions of cytogenetic changes only in poorly-differentiated HCCs using the expression data. We identified a 9-gene expression signature, which was able to predict differentiation degree and survival of HCC samples. Among the 9 most discriminatory genes, minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2), a significantly up-regulated gene involved in cell cycle pathway, was selected for further analysis. Overexpression of MCM2 protein related to poor-differentiation in HCC was validated using tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry containing 96 HCCs. Our studies show that the 9-gene expression signature may serve as promising prognostic biomarkers involved in hepatocarcinogenesis and tumor progression.

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