IMR Press / FBE / Volume 2 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/E136

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Effect of genistin on bone formation
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1 Orthodontics, the University of Hong Kong, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2010, 2(2), 764–770; https://doi.org/10.2741/E136
Published: 1 January 2010
Abstract

The amount of new bone produced by grafting genistin in collagen matrix was compared to the bone produced by collagen matrix alone. A total of 18 bone defects (5 mm by 10 mm) were created in the parietal bone of 9 New Zealand White rabbits. Six defects were grafted with genistin mixed with collagen matrix, while 6 were grafted with collagen matrix alone (positive control) and 6 were left empty (negative control). Animals were killed on day 14 and defects were prepared histologically. Quantitative analysis of new bone formation and bone cells was carried out on 100 sections (50 sections for each group) using image analysis. A total of 520% more new bone was present in defects grafted with genistin in collagen matrix than in defects grafted with collagen matrix alone (p<0.0001), while no bone was formed in the negative control group. The amount of bone forming osteoblasts was also significantly greater in the genistin group than the positive control group. Therefore, genistin in collagen matrix can increase new bone formation locally in vivo.

Keywords
Bone Repair
Bone Graft
Genistin
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