IMR Press / FBE / Volume 2 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/E95

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Effects of TGF beta-1 on mouse embryo implantation and expression of H2-D1 and H2-DM
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1 State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080, China

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2010, 2(1), 351–360;
Published: 1 January 2010

We investigated the mechanism that TGF-beta1 influences the immuno-environment at maternal-fetal interface and affects embryo implantation, using mouse uterine horn injection model. The expression of MHC I antigen (H2-D1) and the chaperone of MHC II antigen (H2-DM) after anti-TGF-beta1 antibody or hrTGF-beta1 treated pregnant mice were examined by real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that the number of implanted embryos of anti-TGF-beta1 antibody-treated mice was decreased compared with the control. The expression of H2-D1 and H2-DM on days 6 and 7 treated uteri was increased both at mRNA and protein levels. In hrTGF-beta1 treated group, the expression of H2-D1 and H2-DM protein was decreased, and the number of implanted embryos was slightly increased. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that H2-D1 and H2-DM were mainly localized to the primary decidual zone. The anti-TGF-beta1 antibody and exogenous hrTGF-beta1 treatment altered the intensity of H2-D1 and H2-DM signal but did not change their localization. These observations suggested that injection of anti-TGF-beta1 antibody affected the number of mouse embryo implantation, and regulated the expression of H2-DM and H2-Q10.

Embryo Implantation
Uterine Horn Injection
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