IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 42 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo4206184
Open Access Original Research
Different prognostic effects of nadirs of neutrophils and lymphocytes during radical (chemo)radiotherapy for cervical cancer
Zhi-Yuan Xu1,*,†Li Yang1,2,†Qin Liu1
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1 Clinical Oncology Center, The University of Hong Kong - Shenzhen Hospital, 518053 Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
2 Department of Pathology, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 510282 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

These authors contributed equally.

Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2021, 42(6), 1277–1284; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ejgo4206184
Submitted: 17 August 2021 | Revised: 15 September 2021 | Accepted: 29 September 2021 | Published: 15 December 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Abstract

Objective: To study prognostic effects of nadirs of neutrophils and lymphocytes during radical (chemo)radiotherapy for cervical cancer. Methods: Patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IB1-IVA cervical cancer from January 2015 through December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with radical (chemo)radiotherapy and had available baseline and weekly complete blood counts with differentials before and during treatment. Results: A total of 107 patients were eligible. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve determined the cutoff values predicting overall survival (OS) of nadirs of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) during treatment were 2.62 × 109/L and 0.2 × 109/L, respectively. Compared with ANC nadir 2.62 × 109/L (N = 94), patients with ANC nadir >2.62 × 109/L (N = 13) had lower 2-year OS rate (51.9% vs 88.7%, p = 0.01) and lower 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (52.7% vs 80.8%, p = 0.003); compared with ALC nadir >0.2 × 109/L (N = 65), patients with ALC nadir 0.2 × 109/L (N = 42) had lower 2-year OS rate (74.7% vs 90.0%, p = 0.004) and lower 2-year PFS rate (67.8% vs 83.3%, p = 0.038). Multivariate COX analysis showed that ANC nadir (>2.62 vs 2.62 × 109/L) (hazard ratio (HR) 4.729, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.355–16.505, p = 0.015), ALC nadir (0.2 vs >0.2 × 109/L) (HR 4.463, 95% CI 1.616–12.321, p = 0.004) were associated with OS. Conclusions: Peripheral ANC nadir and ALC nadir during radical (chemo)radiotherapy have different prognostic effects in predicting treatment outcome. ANC and ALC nadir during radical (chemo)radiotherapy may serve as a guide to treatment of cervical cancer.

Keywords
Absolute lymphocyte count nadir
Absolute neutrophil count nadir
Cervical cancer
Prognosis
Radiotherapy
Figures
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