IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 42 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo.2021.03.2296
Open Access Case Report
Lower leg compartment syndrome following laparoscopic uterine malignancy surgery for uterine cancer complicated by rheumatoid arthritis: a case report and literature review
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Ohno-Higashi, 577-8502 Osaka-Sayama, Japan
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshidakonoecho, 606-8501 Kyoto, Japan
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2021, 42(3), 590–594;
Submitted: 1 November 2020 | Revised: 22 December 2020 | Accepted: 22 January 2021 | Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minimally Invasive Surgery in Gynecologic Oncology)

Background: Compartment syndrome is a condition in which an increased internal pressure in the upper/lower leg compartment results in circulatory disturbance causing muscle and nerve dysfunction. There have been five case reports of compartment syndrome following gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. We present this rare case herein with a review of the related literature. Case: The patient was a 44-year-old woman. She underwent laparoscopic modified radical hysterectomy for uterine cancer. During surgery, she wore elastic stockings from her toes to her knees. She also had intermittent pneumatic compression of the thighs and lower legs with the head down at 15 degrees. The operative time was 6 h and 49 min. She was diagnosed with compartment syndrome, and a decompression incision was indicated. Conclusion: After experiencing this case, we use the open leg position, releasing the high pelvic position for 10 min every 3 h, during which the nurse should decompress the foot.

Compartment syndrome
Laparoscopic surgery
Endometrial cancer
Fig. 1.
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