IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 41 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo.2020.02.5207
Open Access Case Report
Pure yolk sac tumor of ovary in an adult: a rare occurrence
Show Less
1 The Gynecologic and Oncologic Surgery Department, Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer François Baclesse, Avenue du Général Harris, Caen, France
2 The Anatomical Pathology and Cytology Department, Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer François Baclesse, Avenue du Général Harris, Caen, France
3 The Department of Clinical Research Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer François Baclesse, Avenue du Général Harris, Caen, France
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2020, 41(2), 289–292; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ejgo.2020.02.5207
Published: 15 April 2020
Abstract

Background: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors are relatively rare, making up less than 2-3 % of all ovarian malignancies. However, although they represent only a small fraction, they frequently affect young women of reproductive age. Malignant germ cell tumors are subdivided into dysgerminoma and non-dygerminomatous tumors. The most common types of non-dysgerminomatous tumors are yolk sac tumors (YSTs). Case Report: The authors present a case report of a 32-year-old woman with a history of gradual abdominal distention and an increased serum level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). She was diagnosed with a pure YST after removing her left ovary. Then, she was subsequently treated with adjuvant chemotherapy by four cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin after fertility-sparing surgery. Conclusion: This case report shows that older patients could have this tumor with no associated tumor.

Keywords
Yolk sac tumor
Endodermal sinus tumor
Ovarian cancer
Figures
Figure 1.
Share
Back to top