IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 40 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo4738.2019
Open Access Original Research
Knowledge and beliefs about HPV infection and the relevant vaccination in Greek young population
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1 Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Niarchou Avenue, Ioannina, Greece
2 Department of Speech and Language Therapy, Technological Educational Institute of Epirus, Ioannina, Greece
3 Department of Computer Engineering, School of Applied Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Epirus, Kostakioi, Arta, Greece
4 Helena Venizelou Hospital, Athens, Greece
5 School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
6 Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, West London Gynaecological Cancer Center, Queen Charlotte’s and Chelsea Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2019, 40(4), 557–562; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo4738.2019
Revised: 28 May 2018 | Published: 10 August 2019
Abstract

Background: Infection by HPV oncogenic subtypes is the causative agent of half a million cancer cases in developed countries every year. The objective of the present study was to assess: the knowledge and beliefs of young Greeks about HPV infection and potential factors that discourage them from HPV vaccination. Materials and Methods: The present group consisted of 825 individuals, 18-35-years-old, who voluntarily completed some questionnaires. Results: The attitude and consequent decision of women, considering HPV vaccination is associated with general vaccination attitude, mothers’ beliefs, parents' educational level, family income, knowledge about HPV, the doctor's attitude, and individual's health beliefs. Conclusion: In Greece, as well as in other countries where HPV vaccination is neither a mandatory nor a school-based program, increased education of physicians and parents would substantially enhance HPV vaccination acceptance. Intervention strategies should focus more on providing adequate and reliable information to eliminate any doubts on HPV vaccine’s safety and efficacy.

Keywords
HPV oncogenic subtypes
HPV vaccination
HPV-Knowledge Scale (HPV-KS)
Greek population
Carcinogenesis
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