IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 39 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo4234.2018

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Review
World trends of incidence of gynecologic malignancies in young women
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2018, 39(6), 871–876; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo4234.2018
Published: 10 December 2018
Abstract

Although cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancers are rare in young women, they may cause symptoms and physical disability, and the cancer treatment may also result in psychological stress, infertility, and iatrogenic menopause. While the incidence of cervical cancer appears to be decreasing, the incidences of ovarian and uterine cancers are increasing in young women. A thorough knowledge of the epidemiology of these cancers is important to help clinicians to understand the cost-effectiveness and outcomes of the screening and treatment strategies, and to help the policy makers to have a more accurate prediction of the disease load for better allocation of health resources. A more structured and detailed data collection system is needed so that the epidemiologic characteristics of these cancers can be better studied across different countries and age groups.
Keywords
Cervical
Ovarian
Uterine
Cancers
Young women
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