European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Objective: To investigate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) for the diagnosis of endometrial cancer and to verify the feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values to distinguish normal and endometrial cancer. Material and Methods: There were 24 patients with confirmed endometrial cancer enrolled into this study and underwent preoperative MRI and total hysterectomy. Twenty-two healthy volunteers were included as control. The apparent diffusion coefficient of endometrial cancer and normal endometrium were measured on the apparent diffusion coefficient map of each diffusion-weighted image and compared. The differences among the ADC values of normal endometrium, junctional zone, and endometrium were compared as well. Results: The ADC values of the 22 control groups were as follows: myometrium (1.50±0.08)×10-3 mm2/s, junctional zone (0.95±0.08)×10-3 mm2/s, and endometrium (1.33±0.09)×10-3 mm2 /s. The ADC values of endometrial cancer (0.77±0.08)×10-3 mm2/s was much lower than that of normal endometrium (p < 0.001). The mean ADC value for each histologic grade was 0.90±0.11(G1), 0.89±0.13 (G2), and 0.69±0.09 (G3). The ADC value of grade 3 tumors was significantly lower than that of grade 1 tumors (p < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference among the ADC between cancer group and healthy individuals. Conclusion: The DW-MRI provides helpful information for evaluation of endometrial cancer.