IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 38 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3817.2017

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Case Report
Asymptomatic retroperitoneal benign metastasizing leiomyoma after laparoscopic uterine myomectomy: case report and review of the literature
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital Of Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2017, 38(6), 971–974; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo3817.2017
Published: 10 December 2017
Abstract

Uterine leiomyoma is the most frequently occurring neoplasm of the genital tract in women; however, benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is rarely seen described as a mature leiomyoma at sites distant from the uterus. To date, approximately 100 cases have been reported, with retroperitoneal BML occurring in less than ten cases. In this report, a 45-year-old asymptomatic woman who underwent a laparoscopic myomectomy six years previously was referred to the present hospital with a suspicion of recurrent uterine leiomyoma. During an exploratory laparotomy conducted in the present department, a retroperitoneal BML (6×6×4 cm3 ) was found. The postoperative pathological examination diagnosed a benign leiomyoma. Here, the authors review several current pathogenic hypotheses, the syndrome, its diagnosis, and therapy for the treatment of retroperitoneal BML. Based on this case study, the authors have demonstrated that BML can be derived from a laparoscopic myomectomy.
Keywords
Retroperitoneal benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML)
Uterine leiomyoma
Laparoscopic power morcellator
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