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European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Status and awareness of cervical, breast, and colon cancer screening in a Turkish city
E. Zafer1, *, P. Tanrıkulu3, T. Atakul1, I.K. ömürlü ömürlü2, H. Yüksel Yüksel1
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Aytepe, Aydin, Turkey
2 Department of Biostatistics, Adnan Menderes University Hospital, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Aytepe, Aydin, Turkey
3 Labor and Delivery Service, Aksehir Community Hospital, Seyran Mahallesi, Aksehir, Konya, Turkey
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2017, 38(3), 391–397; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo3584.2017
Published: 10 June 2017
Purpose of Investigation: Mortality and morbidity rates of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers (CRC) can be decreased via effective screening strategies. Developing countries are to be expected to establish and implement their own programs. Materials and Methods: To evaluate regional awareness and status of cervical, breast, and CRC screening, a questionnaire-based study was conducted in 500 volunteers from a Turkish community hospital. Results: Awareness rates were 57.4% for Pap smear, 61.2% for mammography, and 25.4% for CRC. Implementation rates were 19.2%, 23.9%, and 12%, respectively. Positive family history for gynecologic cancer and past cervical ablative procedure parameters were related to higher Pap smear rates. Educational level, breast self-exam, and positive Pap smear history parameters were related to higher mammography rates. Factors related to higher colorectal cancer screening rates were nulliparity and positive Pap smear history. Conclusion: Cancer screening rates for this Turkish city are still below the expected levels despite recently revitalized national screening program. For success, it is essential not only to educate rural populations but also to train negligent healthcare providers regularly.