IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 38 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3477.2017

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
Prevalence of high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and abnormal cervical cytology and knowledge about HPV vaccine in Eastern Turkey
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
2 Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2017, 38(2), 241–244;
Published: 10 April 2017

Purpose of investigation: The aim of the present study was to gather data on the high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) frequency and the distribution of HPV types in Eastern Turkey in relation to cervical cytology and to assess the knowledge about cervical cancer, HPV, and vaccination. Materials and Methods: The study population included 1,000 women aged between 20-65 years who attended the outpatients clinics of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Medical School of Yuzuncu Yıl University Hospital. Results: The overall prevalence of high risk HPV-DNA was 2.8 %. Abnormal cytology was observed in 12.9% of the cases. Abnormal cytology consisted of cervical cancer: 0.1%, LSIL: 1.6%, HSIL: 0.5%, ASC-H: 2.1%, atypical glandular cells: 0.4%, and ASCUS: 8.3 %. Conclusion: The prevalence of HPV was low in Eastern Turkey and the most common HPV types are similar to the literature. However, the prevalence of HPV infection is a growing problem worldwide and the awareness of the women in the region is limited.
Human papillomavirus
Cervical cytological samples
Uterine cervical neoplasm
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