IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 37 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3222.2016

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Case Report
Myxoid leiomyosarcoma of the uterus: a case report and review of the literature
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Center Hospital of Tianjin, Tianjin, China
2 Department of Pathology, The First Center Hospital of Tianjin, Tianjin, China
3 Department of Pharmacology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2016, 37(6), 870–872;
Published: 10 December 2016

A para 1, 52-year-old female was admitted with complaints of irregular vaginal bleeding for the previous six months. Ultrasonography revealed a 4×6-cm tumor extending into the uterine cavity and cervical canal. On vaginal examination, a 2×2-cm tumor protruding from the cervical os was found, and an enlarged uterus was palpated. Vaginal intrauterine tumor resection was performed, and the patient was diagnosed with uterine myxoid leiomyosarcoma. A total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed, followed by postoperative chemotherapy. Twenty-one months after surgery, the patient died of tumor recurrence. Uterine myxoid leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare variant of uterine sarcoma with a poor prognosis and malignant biological behavior
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