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Cite this article
Selective arterial embolisation for intractable vaginal haemorrhage in genital tract malignancies
1 Division of Gynaecological Oncology, Ireland
2 Department of Radiology, Ireland
3 Department of Radiation Oncology St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2016, 37(5), 736–740; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo3160.2016
Published: 10 October 2016
Purpose of investigation: Embolisation of the internal iliac artery has been described as an effective and safe method of treating massive vaginal haemorrhage in small series of advanced uterine cancer and case reports of cervical cancer. Selective embolization of the bleeding vessel is potentially less morbid. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of selective arterial embolisation (SAE) in controlling intractable haemorrhage due to gynaecological malignancy. Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study comes from in a tertiary cancer center with 300 new gynecologic cancers per annum. The authors reviewed all gynecology cancer patients who had intractable major vaginal haemorrhage in the first five years following the introduction of selective arterial embolisation at their unit. The outcomes measured were the control of acute haemorrhage and discharge to planned pathway of treatment. Results: SAE was successful in all cases. Identification of the bleeding point facilitated highly selective embolisation in more than half of the patients. The uterine arteries were embolised in the remaining cases. Bleeding stopped immediately. The expedient control of haemorrhage facilitated early discharge to commencement/continuation of radiation treatment or palliative care as appropriate. Conclusions: Since the introduction of SAE the authors have avoided emergency radiotherapy, surgery, and repeat vaginal packing in patients with intractable vaginal bleeding due to gynaecological cancer. Patients were discharged to their appropriate treatment pathways in a timely manner. The authors recommend the application of SAE.
Selective arterial embolisation
Intractable vaginal haemorrhage