IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 37 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo2691.2016

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
Role of TWIST2, E-cadherin and Vimentin in epithelial ovarian carcinogenesis and prognosis and their interaction in cancer progression
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xiangyang Central Hospital, Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, Hubei, China
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2016, 37(1), 100–108;
Published: 10 February 2016

Globally, most patients are at late-stage when they have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Investigating the potential mechanisms involved in tumor progression and prognosis is essential for improving treatment options, outcomes, and survival. Objective: This study elucidated the clinico-pathological significance of TWIST2 and the relationship of TWIST2, E-cadherin, and Vimentin expression in the progression and prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical staining was used to quantify the expression and relevance of TWIST2, E-cadherin, and Vimentin in 103 ovarian specimens, including 30 cases of benign ovarian tumors, 30 cases of borderline ovarian tumors, and 43 cases of EOC. Results: The expression of TWIST2 in the cytoplasm may help to maintain characteristics of epithelial cancer cells with E-cadherin normal membranous expression, while nuclear TWIST2 induces tumor translation front with membranous expression of Vimentin, which eventually promotes cancer metastasis. Moreover, the upregulation of TWIST2 was also related to the aberrant expression of E-cadherin and the increased expression of Vimentin, which were reported as important indicators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Discussion: The data suggested that co-expression of TWIST2/Vimentin was an independent prognostic indicator for both overall survival and disease-free survival by multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. TWIST2 regulates EMT by depriving the epithelial cell phenotype of E-cadherin and endowing the mesenchymal cell phenotype with Vimentin, which may be involved in the progression and prognosis of ovarian cancer, and TWIST2/Vimentin co-expression might be a novel indicator with prognostic potential in EOC patients.
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
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