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European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Prognostic factors determining recurrence in early-stage endometrial cancer
S. Misirlioglu1, A. B. Guzel1,*, U. K. Gulec1, D. Gumurdulu2, M. A. Vardar1
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana
2 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana (Turkey)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2012, 33(6), 610–614;
Published: 10 December 2012
Objective: This study aimed to determine the clinically important prognostic factors for loco-regional or distant recurrence in earlystage endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods: This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the local ethics committee approved the study. Cases who underwent primary surgery of early-stage endometrial cancer at the Institution from 2000 to 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients who did not detect recurrence were classified as group 1 (n = 200); those who detected recurrence were classified as group 2 (n = 23). Clinically prognostic factors were evaluated by univariate analyses. Results: The average age for group 2 (LUSI) was 63.8 years (p = 0.0001). Patients with grade 3 histology were all detected within group 2 (p = 0.0001). Endometrioid adenocarcinoma displaying squamous differentiation was found with a rate of 58.3% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). Lower uterine segment involvement (LUSI) and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) rates were 86.9% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). The rate of tumor size > 2 cm was 56.6% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). The median depth of myometrial invasion (DMI) was 5.1 mm (p = 0.034) and the average in myometrial thickness was 14.5 mm in group II (p = 0.0001). The percentage of myometrial invasion was 35.8% in Group II (p = 0.0001). Tumor free-distance was 9.4 mm in group II (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: Age and clinicopathological parameters of the tumours are significant predictors for recurrence in early-stage endometrial cancer.
Early-stage endometrial cancer