IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 30 / Issue 2 / pii/2009042

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research

Women’s lifestyle and the risk of breast tumors

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1 Clinic of Mother’s and Children’s Health, Poznan University of Medical Sciences (Poland)
2 Clinic of Gynecological Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences (Poland)
3 Department of Practical Obstetric Skills, Lublin-University of Medical Sciences (Poland)
4 Department of Medical Education, Poznan University of Medical Sciences (Poland)
5 Oncological Clinic, Poznan University of Medical Sciences (Poland)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2009, 30(2), 186–189;
Published: 10 April 2009

The first behavioral aspect of makind that has been commonly acknowledged as one of the main reasons for neoplasms is lifestyle. The specified lifestyle determines the exposure to the variety of carcinogens, whose crucial role in carcinogenesis is doubtless. The purpose of this study was to analyze women’s lifestyle and its influence on the risk of developing breast cancer and benign tumors. The participants of the study were healthy women with no changes in mammary glands and women with diagnosed breast cancer or benign tumor. The total number of participants was 555 females aged 35-70 years. Every patient voluntarily filled in an anonymous questionnaire consisting of questions about socioeconomic conditions, number of cigarettes/daily, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. Proper education concerning a healthy lifestyle can positively contribute to a reduction in breast cancer. A high value of BMI, especially in the postmenopausal period, is a negative predictive factor increasing the risk of breast cancer. Physical activity decreases the risk of breast cancer. No such relation concerning smoking cigarettes has been proven.

Breast cancer
Risk factors
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