Cite this article
Volume | Year
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Study of p53 codon 72 polymorphism in patients with breast cancer
1 Gynecology Department, Federal University of São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2008, 29(4), 364–367;
Published: 10 August 2008
Breast cancer is a common disease in Western societies, with an incidence of 46.31/100,000 women/year in Brazil. The tumor suppressor gene TP53 is one of the most studied genes regarding the presence of mutations. Indeed, 50% of all tumors are known to exhibit changes in the TP53 nucleotide sequence due to carcinogenic processes. As to the presence of polymorphism, the TP53 gene is polymorphic at the nucleotide residue 347 (codon 72). In the current study, we examine if this polymorphism is associated with the clinicopathological parameters of breast cancer patients in a Brazilian population. One hundred and thirteen patients with breast cancer were included. The polymorphic region of the TP53 gene was PCR-amplified from genomic DNA obtained from buccal cells. Specific primers for the Pro and Arg allele were used. Correlations of polymorphism with age, staging, nuclear grade, lymph node status, estrogen receptor status and lymphatic and/or blood vessel invasion were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using the Fisher’s exact test The frequency of p53 Arg/Arg was 57% and of the heterozygous allele Arg/Pro it was 39%. There was no correlation between polymorphism and clinicopathological parameters. According to our results, the TP53 polymorphism, at the 347 residue, is not associated with any clinicopathological findings of patients with breast cancer.