IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 29 / Issue 3 / pii/1630995582452-693551954

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
Resource use and cost analysis of managing abnormal Pap smears: a retrospective study in five countries
Show Less
1 Health Market International Ann Arbor, MI (USA)
2 Lancashire teaching Hospitals, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston (UK)
3 Charité, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); 4European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy)
5 Royal Women’s Hospital, Carlton, Melbourne (Australia)
6 Hospital Clinic Barcelona (Spain)
7 Health Economics, GSKbio, Rixensart (Belgium)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2008, 29(3), 225–232;
Published: 10 June 2008

Objective: To evaluate and compare treatment patterns and related resource use and costs in women with abnormal cervical smears in five countries. Methods: Data from patient charts were collected for a minimum of 24 months, starting from the first recorded abnormal cervical smear. Costs, from the public health perspective, were calculated based on country-specific unit costs per procedure and expressed in euros. Results: A total of 3,380 patient charts were reviewed. Subjects with suspected or detectable cervical cancer were excluded from the analysis (n = 380). A significant age difference of 1.8-2.6 years was observed between the lowest and highest severity of cytological and histological types (p < 0.05). The correlation between cytology and histology results was weak overall (35.8%) and varied widely between countries (ranging from 48% for Australia to 29.7% for the UK). As expected, countries with an organised screening programme (UK, Australia) diagnosed and initiated treatment at earlier disease stages. These countries demonstrated a much lower and narrower cost band for more advanced histological types. In contrast, other countries (Germany, Italy, Spain) followed an opportunistic screening programme in which advanced disease was diagnosed and treated at much higher and more varied costs. Histological, not cytological, results were the main factor underlying the cost differences per type. Conclusion: Costs and treatment patterns in women with abnormal cervical smears differ among countries due to the type of screening programme (organised versus opportunistic) and, consequently, the histological type. These results need to be taken into consideration when designing cost-effectiveness studies which include cervical cancer screening data.
Cervical cytology
Cervical cancer
Cost analysis
Pap smear nostic fact
Back to top