European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Cite this article
Knowledge about and attitudes to Pap smears, cervical cancer and human papillomavirus among women in Slovenia
1 Institute of Oncology, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2008, 29(2), 148–153;
Published: 10 April 2008
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) play a vital role in the development of precancerous changes or cancer in the uterine cervix. Prophylactic vaccination has proven to be an effective measure to reduce the incidence of precancerous changes in the uterine cervix and thereby also of cervical cancer. A population investigation was performed in Slovenia with the aim of determining the level of knowledge and awareness of women about cervical cancer, Pap test, HPV infection and preventive vaccination. The investigation was executed by computer-aided telephone inquiry in the period from 5-22 September 2006 on a sample of 500 women aged from 18 to 55 years from all regions of Slovenia. From the results it may be concluded that, in Slovenia, there is an urgent need to provide the lay population and medical community with relevant and accurate information on HPV infection, on early detection of cervical cancer and preventive vaccination.