European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
A new approach to vul var squamous cell carcinoma: two-year follow-up of a case report
Background: Vulvar carcinoma is relatively rare gynaecologic malignancy. The most prevalent vulvar cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. It is not uncommon for patients to delay seeking medical attention or for physicians to delay diagnosing the condition. This delay results in many cases being diagnosed in advanced stage. The sentinel lymph node “concept” is attractive in vulvar cancer because it has the potential to avoid a radical vulvectomy associated with uni- or bilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy and, thus, to avoid the morbidity associated with formal groin dissection. Case report: A case of an 88-year-old woman with advanced local vulvar cancer is presented. A study of the inguinal-femoral lymph nodes was also conducted with intraoperative vital blue dye peritumoral injection and as the sentinel node was found to be negative for malignant metastasis, a radical vulvectomy without bilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy and without additional treatment (chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy) was performed. Follow-up was performed at one, three, six, nine, 12, 18 and 24 months. No local recurrence or distant metastasis was found. Conclusion: The sentinel lymph node procedure allows a less aggressive treatment to be carried out in patients with invasive vulvar cancer thus reducing the complications and morbidity of treatment. Moreover, reducing the operative stress can change the overall survival and reduce the mortality linked to complications and postoperative stress.