European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Influence of diabetes mellitus and nodal distribution in endometrial cancer and correlation to clinico-pathological prognostic factors
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationships between the distribution of nodal disease, clinico-pathological patterns and recurrence and survival in surgically staged cases of endometrial cancer. Methods: Charts were abstracted from patients with endometrial carcinoma from 1985 to 1995. Data on clinicopathologic variables, adjuvant treatment, site of recurrence and survival were collected. The chi square test was used to test associations between variables. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox's proportional hazards model for multiple regression analysis. Results: Sixty-nine out of 181 patients underwent lymph node dissection. Twenty-three had pelvic lymph node dissection, 23 underwent pelvic and paraaortic lymph node dissection and 20 patients had lymph node sampling. The median count of removed lymph nodes was 22.4. Fifty-four lymph node dissections showed negative lymph nodes and in 15 cases there was a minimum of one positive lymph node. Overall survival was in correlation to nodal involvement with a p value of 0.0017. Patients with lymph node involvement showed significantly more recurrence than patients with negative lymph nodes (p = 0.003). The depth of myometrial invasion correlated with lymph node metastasis (p = 0.01) and patients with additional diabetes mellitus showed significantly more nodal involvement (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Endometrial cancer showed pelvic lymph node (PLN) and paraaortic lymph node (PALN) involvement. Under-diagnosis of the disease might result if there was only a PLN, but with or without PALN involvement there was no significant difference in overall survival or recurrence. There was an univariate correlation between lymph node involvement and diabetes.