European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Ovulatory failure, fertility preservation and reproductive strategies in the setting of gynecologic and non-gynecologic malignancies
The advances in assisted reproductive technology over time have paralleled the insights gained into the natural history of different gynecologic malignancies. Subgroups of young patients with early stage ovarian cancer, endometrial carcinoma and cervical carcinoma may be considered to be at relatively low risk of recurrence and may be treated conservatively with the aim to preserve fertility when this is of prime concern. Unilateral adnexectomy with preservation of the contralateral ovary and uterus may be appropriate for some patients with epithelial ovarian cancers, and certainly should be the procedure of choice for those young women with borderline tumors and early stage sex cord-stromal and malignant germ cell tumors. Administration of high-dose progestins may obviate the need for immediate hysterectomy in a young patient with a well-differentiated endometrial carcinoma desirous of childbearing. The performance of vaginal radical trachelectomy in conjunction with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomies has emerged as a real breakthrough for a highly select group of young women with early invasive tumors of the cervix. In this review, we also discuss reproductive strategies for women who experience chemotherapy-induced ovulatory failure and also address the potential for ovarian cortex cryopreservation and transplantation, and uterine transplantation, all of which are looming on the horizon.