IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 26 / Issue 6 / pii/2005257

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Case Report

Endometrial stromal sarcoma mimicking submucosal myoma protruding to the vagina: MRI findings

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1 Department of Radiology, Taipei Medical University-Municipal Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei (Taiwan)
2 Department of Radiology, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taipei (Taiwan)
3 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei (Taiwan)
4 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei (Taiwan)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2005, 26(6), 657–660;
Published: 10 December 2005
Abstract

A 46-year-old woman complained of persistent abnormal vaginal bleeding over ten days. Her intrauterine device had been removed two years before. Soon after, she suffered from menorrhagia and metrorrhagia. An incidental finding of severe anemia was also noted. In this admission, our initial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-demarcated mass pre­dominantly in the uterine cavity. The mass was depicted by an isointense signal relative to the myometrium on Tl-weighted images, high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and slightly heterogeneous enhancement on post-contrast images. The patient refused surgery. After two years, follow-up MRI showed a pedunculated mass protruding into the upper third of the vagina with a stalk con­necting to the posterior wall of the uterine cavity, simulating submucosal myoma. Histological diagnosis was compatible with low­grade endometrial stromal sarcoma.

Keywords
Endometrium
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Sarcoma
Tumor
Uterus
Vagina
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