IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 26 / Issue 4 / pii/2005194

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research

Effects of rnitornycin C on radiation-induced cell death in human cervical squamous cell carcinomas

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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama (Japan)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2005, 26(4), 411–414;
Published: 10 August 2005
Abstract

In order to find an effective protocol for chemoradiotherapy with mitomycin C (MMC) for advanced cervical cancer patients, effects of both MMC and irradiation on chemoradiosensitivity were examined using the radiosensitive human cervical squamous cell carcinoma cell line ME180. MMC and low doses of irradiation did not affect radiosensitivity of the cells. A high dose of y-ray irradiation (IO Gy) significantly reduced MMC sensitivity of the cells. All of the four post-irradiation surviving subclones that were established from repetitively irradiated ME 180 cells, demonstrated significantly higher MMC sensitivity than that of the non-irra­diated parent cells. However, there was no difference in MMC sensitivity among three groups of irradiated cells; (1) cells treated with MMC eight hours before irradiation, (2) cells concurrently treated with MMC and irradiation and (3) cells treated with MMC eight hours after irradiation. These results indicate that MMC injections after completion of radiotherapy may be a better therapy than concurrent chemoradiotherapy with MMC.

Keywords
Mitomycin C
Chemoradiotherapy
Cervical cancer
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