European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Open surgical biopsy for nonpalpable breast lesions detected on screening mammography
The aim of this retrospective clinical study was the analysis of histologic findings of nonpalpable breast lesions managed by open surgical biopsy. A senes of 630 women underwent 664 preoperatwe locahzauons of nonpalpable, mammograph1cally detected breast lesmns during the last IO-year period. Indications for biopsy were (1) clustered microcalcifications, (2) solid mass, and (3) radiologic parenchymal distortion. The lesions were localized preoperatively using hook-wire methods, and all biopsies were performed under general anesthesia. Histopathology revealed carcinoma in 172 (25.9%) cases; noninvasive in 114 (66.3%) cases and infiltrating in 58 (33.7%) cases. The highest malignancy rate was found in cases with microcalcifications (112 carcinomas out of 323 cases, 34.7%). Lymph node invasion was present in 25% of patients with invasive cancers. The hook-wire localization of nonpalpable breast lesions is a simple, accurate and safe method for detection of early breast cancers. Frozen section is feasible and accurate in the majority of these lesions, and therefore, diagnostic and therapeutic one-step surgical procedures could be performed.