European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Cytological analysis of the distension fluid used during diagnostic office hysteroscopies in patients with suspected endometrial pathology
Objective: Evaluation of the feasibility and usefulness of cytological analysis of the distension fluid used during diagnostic office hysteroscopy in patients with suspected endometrial pathology. Methods: In 243 consecutive patients undergoing diagnostic hysteroscopy for suspected endometrial pathology a few milliliters of the distension medium used for uterine visualization were collected and sent for cytological analysis. Findings of these “endometrial washings” were compared to visual hysteroscopic impression, endometrial biopsy and uterine histology - when available. Results: Endometrial washings were considered adequate in 227 patients (93. 4%). In 12 cases (5. 3%) atypical cells were detected: a1l of these presented either atypical complex hyperplasia or endometrial cancer at the final histological eva1uation of the uterus. Four of the 16 (25%) patients diagnosed with endometrial. cancer or atypical complex hyperplasia at the final histopathological analysis of the uterus had inadequate washings. No patient with cancer or atypical hyperplasia had negative cytology. Conclusions: Collection and analysis of the distension fluid is feasible and, when positive, has a remarkable value in the diagnosis of endometrial cancer and its precursors.