IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 23 / Issue 3 / pii/2002144

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research

Sclerosis of gross cysts of the breast: a three-year study

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1 Department of Gynaecology, University of Coimbra Hospital, Portugal
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2002, 23(3), 191–194;
Published: 10 June 2002

Breast cysts can be separated into two types: Type I cyst with a lining epithelium which shows apocrine metaplasia, and Type II cyst with an epithelium which is markedly attenuated or absent. The risk of subsequent breast cancer among patients with Type I cysts can be up to 4. The standard treatment is fine needle aspiration, but 20% of the cysts recur. Pharmacological treatment has been tried, which reduces size and volume, but has side-effects and a high recurrence rate post-treatment occurs. The objectives of this prospective study were to sclerose the cyst, induce its regression and prevent or reduce recurrence rate, with the administration of a sclerosing solution (Sclerovein®) within the cyst post-aspiration. Fifty-seven patients were followed in the study, 37 with Type I cysts and 20 with Type II cysts. At the end of six months all patients with Type II cysts had no detectable cyst. On the other hand, two patients still had a residual Type I cyst. At the end of three years our recurrence rate appears to be less than 2%, with one patient with a possible recurrence. No significant side-effects were observed. The use of Sclerovein® is a simple and safe alternative in the treatment of recurring cysts.

Gross cysts
Fine needle aspiration
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