European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the ovary: report of four cases
Introduction: Malignant mixed mullerian tumor (MMMT) of the ovary is an extremely rare gynaecologic neoplasm that represents I% of the malignances of this organ. Stage I disease is rare because it is asymptomatic in early stage. We describe four cases. Case reports: In the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Bari four cases of MMMT of the ovary were diagnosed. Three patients were in stage IIIC and one of them was a homologous MMMT; the fourth patient was affected by a heterologous stage IV MMMT. All women were treated with surgery and chemotherapy. Two patients are alive 14 and 12 months after diagnosis. The other two died after 37 months and one month, respectively. Conclusions: The malignant mixed mullerian tumor (MMMT) of the ovary is a particularly aggressive tumor, especially in advanced stages. The survival rate is very low in spite of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The optimal treatment for this neoplasm is unknown because of its rarity. Our experience, when considering survival, seems to confirm the use of cisplatin and ifosfamide and to give new horizons to taxol.