IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 21 / Issue 6 / pii/2000235

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research

Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. A report of 19 cases with literature review

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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Division of Gynecology. University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2000, 21(6), 578–582;
Published: 10 December 2000
Abstract

Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube is the rarest cancer of the female genital tract with an incidence of 0.5% of all gyneco­logic tumors. Since the first report in 1847 about 1,500 cases have been published. Due to similarity of the clinical presentation the staging and therapeutic management have been adapted to that of ovarian cancer. We retrospectively evaluated all the 19 patients who had been diagnosed with primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Zurich between 1977 and 1998. All lesions were staged according to the rules of FIGO adopted in 1991. At the time of diagnosis the median age was 62 (46-87) years. Twelve (63%) women revealed FIGO stage Ill-IV, whereas four (21%) and three (16%) patients were diagnosed in stage I and stage II, respectively. Eight (42%) women were nullipara. Histology showed serous-papillary carcinoma, in ten (53%) cases. The 5-year survival rate was 22% for all FIGO stages and 80% for stage I. None of the patients with stage III and IV survived 5 years. Ovarian cancer and primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube are similar in many aspects. Both carcinomas have a similar age distribution, show an increase among nulliparous women, are often of serous papillary histology, have a poor prognosis with stage and residual tumor size as important prognostic factors, and respond initially well to platinum-based chemotherapy. Nevertheless, there appears to be a difference between the two diseases: primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube is more often diagnosed in an earlier stage. This many be due to lower abdominal pain resulting from tubal dilatation and to abnormal bloody-watery discharge.

Keywords
Fallopian tube cancer
Diagnostics
Multimodal therapy
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