European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Laparoscopic prophylactic oophorectomy in women with inherited risk of ovarian cancer
The aim of this study was to specify the surgical procedure most adapted for prophylactic laparoscopic oophorectomy in patients with an inherited risk of ovarian cancer. This prospective study was based on a series of 27 patients who underwent prophylactic bilateral laparoscopic oophorectomy between September 1995 and January 1998. Nine patients underwent an oophorectomy (33%) and 18 patients an adnexectomy (67%). The laparoscopic procedure was converted into a laparotomy in one patient in whom an ovarian adenocarcinoma was detected during the surgical procedure. During final histologic examination of the ovaries, 23 patients were found to have benign atypical histologic alterations, one patient had an ovarian adenocarcinoma and only three patients (11 %) had normal ovaries. In women with an inherited risk of ovarian cancer, during the laparoscopic procedure for prophylactic oophorectomy, the abdomino-pelvic cavity should be thoroughly explored with peritoneal cytology and systematic peritoneal biopsies. The laparoscopic procedure could be converted into a laparotomy if an ovarian cancer is discovered.