IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 20 / Issue 3 / pii/1999152

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research

Long-term results of sequential chemotherapy-radiotherapy­chemotherapy in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix

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1 Division of Radiotherapy A, Milan, Italy
2 Division of Surgical Semeiotics and Ambulatory Surgery of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy
3 Institute of Radiology, University of Milan, Italy
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 1999, 20(3), 198–201;
Published: 10 June 1999
Abstract

Purpose of investigation. In order to evaluate the impact of sequential chemotherapy-radiotherapy-chemotherapy on local control and survival, a follow-up study was carried out 12 years after the treatment of 22 patients with FIGO stage IIB-III squamous cell cervical cancer. Methods. Patients were submitted to three cycles of induction chemotherapy (cisplatin and bleomycin) followed by whole pelvis irradiation and central boost with endocavitary brachytherapy. Ten patients underwent three further cycles of chemotherapy after radiotherapy. All patients were maintained by regular follow-up. Only one patient was lost 48 months after treatment. Results. At the end of treatment complete response was obtained in 14 patients (63.5%). Four of these recurred locally, and one at also distance. Eight patients failed to obtain a complete response. Twelve patients died from disease and one patient died from other causes. Nine of 22 (41%) patients are alive without evidence of disease with a median follow-up of 134 months. Acute toxi­city was mild, while two severe late complications were observed. Conclusions. The achievement of complete remission at the end of treatment is important in terms of life expectancy. Further che­motherapy appears useful for patients who do not reach complete local remission after radiotherapy.

Keywords
Cervix cancer
Chemo-radiotherapy
Long-term follow-up
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