IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 48 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2460
Open Access Case Report
Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of fetal scrotal inguinal hernia: a case report and literature review
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1 Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Medical University Pleven, 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria
2 Medical Center Vitality, 9000 Varna, Bulgaria
*Correspondence: (Angel Yordanov)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2021, 48(3), 723–727;
Submitted: 9 January 2021 | Revised: 31 January 2021 | Accepted: 14 February 2021 | Published: 15 June 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Background: Prenatal inguinoscrotal hernia is a rare condition and currently there are only several reports in the literature. Materials: We present a case of inguinoscrotal hernia in a 37-weeks’ gestation fetus, diagnosed at routine prenatal ultrasound. Surgical anomaly correction was done two months after Cesarian section in 39 weeks’ gestation. Results: We discussed the differential diagnosis of scrotal tumor formations that may occur prenatally. We performed a systematic literature review to provide useful information for the diagnosis and the management of this rare prenatal pathology. Discussion: Inguinoscrotal hernia occurs in both single or multifetal pregnancies with no side predilection; it does not mandate a change in the mode or time of delivery with recommendations for correction shortly after birth. Currently, there are no long-term follow-up data about fertility issues in fetuses with inguinoscrotal hernia in their adolescence.

Inguinal hernia
Fetal ultrasound
Scrotal mass
Fig. 1.
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