IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 48 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.02.2128
Open Access Case Report
Should diagnostic hysteroscopy be performed routinely following thermal balloon endometrial ablation? A case report of thermal bowel injury and literature review
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, 999088 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, 999088 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Correspondence: (Hazem Al-Mandeel)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2021, 48(2), 423–425;
Submitted: 2 May 2020 | Revised: 5 July 2020 | Accepted: 6 July 2020 | Published: 15 April 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (

Although thermal balloon endometrial ablation (TBEA) is an effective and easy technique, it can cause serious complications, including bowel injury, if perforation occurs. In this paper, a case of thermal bowel injury caused by the Thermablate Endometrial Ablation System is presented with a review of previous literature on such complications. Based on this case and expert recommendations, users are advised to follow established protocols, including hysteroscopy just prior to the insertion of the TBEA catheter to exclude prior uterine perforation from the uterine sound or curettage, and an additional hysteroscopy after completion of the ablation as the final step to ensure that a perforation has not occurred.

Heavy menstrual bleeding
Endometrial ablation
Thermal balloon ablation
Bowel burn
Bowel injury
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