Background: Ultrasound has become a routine examination of early pregnancy especially pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). However, benign pelvic pathology such as uterine myoma, hydrosalpinx, and endometrioma may mislead the clinicians’ interpretation. Case Report: A patient of heterotopic cornual pregnancy following IVF-ET, which had been misdiagnosed as uterine leiomyoma in serial ultrasound scans, and ruptured at 12 gestational weeks. Conclusion: This case report reminds us the versatility of an ectopic pregnancy. Clinicians need to record in detail the position and size of any uterine mass before commencing infertility treatment. Any newly developed mass could be misdiagnosed, even in the presence of an intrauterine pregnancy. The possibility of heterotopic pregnancy (HP) must be kept in mind if more than one embryo was transferred.
Cite this article
A pitfall in ultrasonographic diagnosis-heterotopic corneal pregnancy initially misdiagnosed as leiomyoma
1 Division of Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan
2 Dr. Wang Reproductive Fertility Center, Taiwan
3 Taiwan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (CHING-WEN CHANG)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2020, 47(2), 296–298; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog.2020.02.5154
Published: 15 April 2020
Copyright: © 2020 Chan et al. Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license