IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 46 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog4792.2019

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
High mean blood pressure during the first trimester is predictive of future preeclampsia development in healthy pregnant women: a cohort study in Korea
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1 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea
*Correspondence: (JOON-SEOK HONG)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2019, 46(5), 770–775;
Published: 10 October 2019

The objective of this study was to determine the association between blood pressure (BP) in early pregnancy and the development of preeclampsia. Among 3,364 pregnant women who began perinatal care in their first trimester and were followed up until delivery, 3,003 healthy pregnant women were included after excluding 354 with comorbidities during pregnancy and seven with missing BP and proteinuria data at follow-up. The mean values of systolic and diastolic BP measurements during the first trimester were retrieved from electronic medical records. Mean BP (MBP) was calculated and plotted using the penalized smoothing spline method to analyze its association with the development of preeclampsia. In the univariate analysis, increased MBP, twin pregnancy, and high body weight were associated with increased odds for the development of preeclampsia; however, only increased MBP and twin pregnancy maintained statistical significance in multivariate analysis. A MBP ≥ 91 mmHg was associated with the development of preeclampsia [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.60, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.42-4.77, p = 0.002]. Increased BP during the first trimester in previously healthy pregnant women was associated with the subsequent development of preeclampsia. This is the first study on the association between BP in the early pregnancy period and the development of preeclampsia in healthy Korean pregnant women.

Non-linear association
Blood pressure
Figure 1.
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