Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Cite this article
Ghrelin to obestatin ratio in maternal serum in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital, Logistical College of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Tianjin, China
2 Maternity and Child Health Institute of Beichen Distract, Tianjin, China
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2017, 44(3), 364–369; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog3490.2017
Published: 10 June 2017
Ghrelin, an endogenous for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor, has been shown to participate in fetal growth. Obestatin, encoded by the same gene as ghrelin, is described as a physiological opponent of ghrelin. This study was designed to determine the changes of ghrelin/obestatin ratio in maternal serum in pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The authors found that the ghrelin levels in maternal serum were significent lower in IUGR group than in control group (236.34 ± 14.58 pg/ml vs. 321.49 ± 18.19 pg/ml, p = 0.003). However, the difference of obestatin levels in maternal serum in IUGR group than in control group was not significent (276.25 ± 20.54 pg/ml vs. 256.34 ± 21.21 pg/ml, p = 0.308). The ratio of ghrelin to obestatin in maternal serum were significent lower in IUGR group than in control group (1.05 ± 0.09 vs. 0.82 ± 0.08, p = 0.03). Meanwhile, the maternal serum growth hormone (GH) concentration in IUGR group was lower than that in control group (1.08 ± 0.08 pg/ml vs. 1.41 ± 0.09 pg/ml, p = 0.009), and the maternal serum placental growth hormone (PGH) concentration in IUGR group was lower than that in control group (2.21 ± 1.24 pg/ml vs. 2.92 ± 0.27 pg/ml, p = 0.031). The ratio of ghrelin to obestatin in maternal serum were positively correlation with GH and PGH concentrations in IUGR group (r = 0.876, p = 0.52; r = 0.764, p = 0.64). The findings of this study suggest that the ratio of ghrelin to obestatin in maternal serum were low, and were positively correlated with GH and PGH concentration in IUGR group, which can been considered as evidencees of ghrelin/obestatin balance disorder role in pathogenesis of IUGR.
Intrauterine growth restriction