Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Objective: To describe two clinical cases concerning patients at risk of developing severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during in vitro fertilization (IVF) stimulation. Design: Description of clinical management and outcomes of patients using an IVF antagonist rescue protocol to prevent OHSS. Setting: Reproductive medicine unit, University Hospital. Materials and Methods: Two infertile patients undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) presenting with high risk of OHSS. IVF/ICSI patients following COS under short protocol and high risk of OHSS were managed by withdrawing the agonist and replacing it with an antagonist and triggering ovulation with an agonist bolus. Main outcome measures included incidence of OHSS, oocytes retrieved, and pregnancy rates. Results: None of the two patients developed OHSS. None of the patients had metaphase II retrieved oocytes at oocyte retrieval. Conclusions: Use of COS with short protocol in an IVF/ICSI cycle carries a risk of severe OHSS. Rescuing the cycle by withdrawing the agonist and replacing it with an antagonist and triggering ovulation with an agonist bolus is not always effective and should not be used if short time interval between agonist replacement with antagonist and ovulation triggering is available.