IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 44 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog3262.2017

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
Analysis of bromocriptine treatment in pregnant pituitary prolactinoma patients
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1 Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
2 Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, China
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2017, 44(2), 203–207;
Published: 10 April 2017

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects and duration of bromocriptine treatment during pregnancy in patients with pituitary prolactinoma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 230 female pituitary prolactinoma patients at the Beijing Union Medical College Hospital neurosurgery clinic from January 2001 to May 2014 was conducted. When confirmed pregnant, patients in the control group immediately stopped taking bromocriptine, but patients in the treatment group continued to take the same dose of bromocriptine. Results: The embryos stop rate in the control group was 16.7%, significantly higher than the rate in the natural population (p < 0.05), while the rate in the treatment group (0.9%) not statistically different from that of the natural population (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the embryonic malformation rate between the two study groups compared to the normal pregnancy group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Pregnant pituitary prolactinoma patients should not stop bromocriptine treatment, but should instead continue with the same dose for four months. For patients with macroadenoma, bromocriptine should be taken during the entire pregnancy. Blood prolactin, progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and visual dysfunction should be monitored every two weeks during treatment. Patients should be treated with progesterone and hCG if the blood levels become too low. If regular monitoring shows that prolactin has increased too fast and/or visual dysfunction worsened, the dose of bromocriptine should be increased. The authors have found that bromocriptine treatment during pregnancy significantly reduces the embryo stop rate without increasing the embryo deformity rate; therefore, bromocriptine treatment is safe and necessary during pregnancy of pituitary prolactinoma patients.
Pituitary adenoma
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