IMR Press / RCM / Volume 3 / Issue S2 / pii/1561516727987-936514353

Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine (RCM) is published by IMR Press from Volume 19 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with MedReviews, LLC.

Open Access Review
Clinical Diagnosis and Prognosis of Acute Limb Ischemia
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1 Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Miami, FL
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2002, 3(S2), 2–6;
Published: 20 February 2002
Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is a serious condition that can threaten the limb's viability and the patient’s life. It is usually caused by atherosclerotic disease but can also arise from nonatherosclerotic causes. It has numerous clinical manifestations, the most common of which is pain. Proper diagnosis involves history, physical examination, and techniques such as Doppler assessment, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography, or catheterbased angiography. Differential diagnosis is important, as many other conditions can mimic ALI. Ischemia severity can be classified into three levels: viable; threatened, either marginally or immediately; and irreversible. Treatment options include surgical and less invasive endovascular techniques. Prognosis can be excellent, and early diagnosis and prompt initiation of therapy are essential to achieving a good outcome.
Acute limb ischemia
Doppler ultrasonography
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